Valerian (Valeriana officinalis, Caprifoliaceae) is a perennial flowering plant native to Europe and Asia. In the summer when the mature plant may have a height of 1.5 metres (5 ft), it bears sweetly scented pink or white flowers that attract many fly species, especially hoverflies of the genus Eristalis. Valerian tincture is a liquid extract made from the root of the valerian plant. It is commonly used as a natural remedy for anxiety, insomnia, and other sleep disorders. Valerian tincture is also believed to have sedative and calming effects, making it useful for treating nervousness and stress. Additionally, it may be used to alleviate menstrual cramps and digestive issues. Valerian tincture can be taken orally or added to bath water for relaxation purposes. It is important to consult with a healthcare professional before using valerian tincture, especially if taking other medications.